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Short Description: 1. PALEONTOLOGY. BADGE. JUNIOR GIRL SCOUTS. GRA. M. Paleontology: Can you dig it ? Paleontology is the study of fossils. A fossil is any part of a past life ...

Content Inside: PROGRAM PALEONTOLOGY BADGE JUNIOR GIRL SCOUTS Girl Scouts of Greater Chicago and Northwest Indiana www.girlscoutsgcnwi.org Paleontology: Can you dig it? Paleontology is the study of fossils. A fossil is any part of a past life form. Most fossils that paleontologists study are several thousands to one-half a billion years old. Paleontologists study fossils to study past life on Earth. Paleontology differs from archaeology and anthropology in that paleontologists study life, from bacteria to whales. Archaeologists work with human artifacts and human remains. Anthropologists work with human cultures, societies, languages and ways of life. Knowledge of the past and earth's history can provide scientific approaches to future issues that affect life on Earth. You must complete seven requirements to complete this badge, including the three starred (*) requirements. *1. Research the training needed to become a paleontologist. Is a college education required? Name specific skills or talents that are helpful in paleontology. Find out what kinds of jobs paleontologists might hold ­ and describe the work environment of one of those jobs. 2. Most dinosaur fossils form when animals are buried quickly after their death and sediment covers their remains. The animal parts that do not rot are encased in sediment and with the right circumstances turn into fossils. The chemicals in the buried animals' bodies undergo changes; the soft parts decay and minerals seep into them, replacing the chemicals in the bone with rock-forming minerals. A dinosaur fossil has the same shape as the original object. Trace fossils are indicators of fossil life, like nests, footprints and skin. Have dinosaur fossils been found in your area? Were the fossils in your area body part fossils or trace fossils? Call your state geological survey to find out more about dinosaur fossils in your area. 3. A young girl is credited with finding some of the first dinosaur bones in approximately 1810. Another woman discovered the most complete T.Rex fossil ever in 1990. Name these two women. What kind of training or education did each woman have? Research a woman paleontologist with formal training. Good websites are: www.awg.org (This is the website of the Association for Women Geoscientists.) www.projectexploration.org 1 ..\program\badges etc\08 paleontology badge.indd

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